A disorder which affects the manner in which individuals with average or above average
intelligence take in, retain, and express information. Incoming or outgoing information
may become scrambled as it travels between the eye, ear, or skin, and the brain.
Commonly recognized in adults as a deficit in one or more of the following areas:
reading comprehension, spelling, written expression, math computation, and problem
solving. Less frequent, but still troublesome, are problems in organizational skills,
time management, and social skills. Some adults with LD may also have language-based
and/or perceptual problems.
Often inconsistent. For example, a learning disability may present problems on Mondays,
but not on Tuesdays. It may cause problems throughout grade school, seem to disappear
during high school, and then resurface again in college. It may manifest itself in
only one specific academic area, such as writing, math, or foreign language.
Learning Disability (LD) is not:
A form of intellectual or mental health disability.
Common Characteristics of College Students with LD:
Slow reading rate and/or difficulty in modifying reading rate in accordance with the
difficulty of the material
Poor comprehension and retention
Difficulty identifying important points and themes
Poor mastery of phonics, confusion of similar words, difficulty integrating new vocabulary
Written Language Skills
Difficulty with sentence structure (e.g., incomplete sentences, run-on sentences,
poor use of grammar, missing inflectional endings)