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Reference Tools

 

 

A Quick List

MLA Style Guide

Statistical Abstract of the United States
 

Almanacs
 
Infoplease: Information Please Almanac - Find answers in almanacs, encyclopedias and dictionaries.

Old Farmer's Almanac - Provides tide tables, sunrise tables, planting charts and weather predictions.

Biographies
 
Biography.com

Presidents of the U.S.

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

Dead People Server

Nobel Laureates

Artists.org

I Hear America Singing: Profiles

National Inventors Hall of Fame
 
Chronologies/Timelines
 
dMarie Time Capsule

HyperHistory Online - Presents 3,000 years of world history in a combination of lifelines, timelines and maps.

Year by Year 1900-2001 - Describes historic events of the twentieth century by year and by decade.

http://www.ourtimelines.com/ - Personalize your own timeline.
 
Country Studies
 
Background Notes from the U.S. State Department - Background Notes provide information on geographic entities and international organizations and are updated periodically. Background Notes for some countries are currently unavailable.

CIA World Factbook - The year 2000 marked the 57th year of continuous basic intelligence support about various countries to the US Government by The World Factbook.

DeskRef's Country links - Many links to country studies web sites. Also includes flags, leaders and capital cities.

Freedom House - An excellent online resource for students researching the degree of freedom and democracy in countries around the world.

Library of Congress Country Studies
 

Dictionaries and Thesauri
 
Cambridge Dictionary

OneLook Dictionaries – Searches a number of online dictionaries at one time.

American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language – Online version of the unabridged American Heritage Dictionary.

Wordsmyth English Dictionary-Thesaurus - Use this to search for synonyms, definitions and more.

Lexicool - A directory of over 500 translation dictionaries and glossaries.
 
Dictionary.com - Contains a dictionary search, translator, and multilingual vocabulary learning tools.

InfoPlease Dictionary

Newberry House Online Dictionary

Thesaurus.com

Webster's Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

Ninjawords
 

Encyclopedias
 
Columbia Encyclopedia - 6th edition of the Columbia Encyclopedia, offered through Infoplease.com. Provides access to 57,000 articles.

Encyclopedia Britannica

Encyclopedia.com - Electric Library's keyword-searchable encyclopedia gets you off to a good start.

Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia - "A multilingual project to create an...open content encyclopedia".
 

Journal Citation Databases
 
MagPortal
 
FindArticles

HighWire (from Stanford University Library's HighWire Press)

Ingenta
 

Law Resources
 
San Diego County Law Library's incredible page of law resources available through the Web.
 
Maps and Atlases
 
Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection contains links to many different kinds of maps.

Mapquest - Maps and city information, travel directions and guides.

WorldAtlas.com

All the Worlds Maps - Offers national maps and maps for many major cities.

An Atlas of the Universe - Nine main maps of the universe.

USGS National Geologic Map Database

Maporama - Offers street-level directional maps for many European nations, the USA, and most of Canada.

Geography Network - Online resource for finding and sharing geographic content, including maps and data, from many of the world's leading providers.

Live Search Maps- If you know the address, you can get a map and directions for over 200 countries.

Maps.com

Maptech MapServer - Topographic maps.

MapMachine - Creates maps "on the fly".

 
Phone Books
 
Yahoo! Yellow Pages - Great for finding businesses anywhere in the U.S.- by name and category, with the option to limit to a location.

Yahoo! People Search - Search for someone anywhere in the United States.

Bigfoot - U.S. and Canada phone books.

Internet 800 Directory

AnyWho

Infospace

SuperPages.com

Langenberg

AllAreaCodes.com -Look up area codes for phone numbers.

http://reversephonedirectory.com - Lists web sites that can help if you have a phone number and want to know whose name is associated with it.

Hardtofind800numbers
 

Quotations/Speeches
 
About.com - Quotations

AtoZquotes.com

Bartleby's offerings of both Bartlett's (older) quotations, and Simpson's (newer) quotations. Use the pick-list to get whichever one you want.

History Place's Great Speeches Collection offers links to speeches worldwide.

Insight Quotes.com

LitQuotes - This site features quotes from the great works of literature.

On Matters of Most Grave Concern

Quotes & Sayings Database

QuoteLand - "Find quotations on anything; identify quotations by anyone."

QuotationReference
 

Reference Desks
 
Refdesk.com

Yahoo! Reference

Virtual Reference Shelf - The Library of Congress' virtual reference desk

 
Statistics
 

Statistical Abstract of the United States - THE definitive statistical resource for United States information - when you get to the site, click on the button that says "Adobe Acrobat PDF Files."

FRED: Federal Reserve Economic Data

NationMaster - Compiles statistics from such sources as the CIA World Factbook, United Nations, World Health Organization, World Bank, World Resources Institute, UNESCO, UNICEF and OECD.

International Databank - Statistical tables from the U.S. Census Bureau -- covers 227 countries and areas of the world.

U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics - Crime statistics, including, victims, offenders, and the justice system.

FEDSTATS - The gateway to statistics from over 100 U.S. Federal agencies.

Bureau of Labor Statistics: Economy at a Glance - Data at the national, regional, state, and metropolitan area levels, put together by the Federal Bureau of Labor
Statistics.

University of Michigan's Statistical Resources on the Web - Offers an enormous number of links to statistical resources by topic.

Consumer Price Index - Compiled by the Federal Bureau of Labor Statistics

Population Reference Bureau - The Source for Global Population Information - Covers statistics in the areas of demographics, economics, education, environment, gender and more.

U.S. Census Bureau's American Factfinder

Criminal Justice Statistics Center (California)

Historical Census Data Browser (1790+)

Social Science Data on the Net

ERSys.com - Offers mostly statistical information on American cities.

Transparency International - Contains a Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) ranking "more than 150 countries by their perceived levels of corruption, as determined by experts and opinion surveys."

Vital Statistics Data Tables (Calif Govt)

 

Style and Grammar Guides
 

Note: A great starting point is our library's Citation Help page.

MLA

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/

http://www.lib.usm.edu/help/style_guides/mla.html

http://www.library.cornell.edu/newhelp/res_strategy/citing/mla.html

APA

APA Style Essentials – for a good overview of the APA Style.

APA Electronic Formats -for great examples of electronic formats.

Chicago

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools.html

http://www.libs.uga.edu/ref/chicago.html

http://library.osu.edu/sites/guides/chicagogd.php

Turabian

http://www.fcc.edu/students/stylemanual/default.asp

http://www.libs.uga.edu/ref/turabian.html

Overall

Online! Citation Styles - Offers: web site, e-mail, listserv, newsgroup, Telnet, FTP and other online formats in the styles of MLA, APA, Chicago and more.

Duke University Libraries' Guide to Citing Sources


William Strunk Jr.'s Elements of Style - Excellent grammar and writing tips

Guide to Grammar and Writing - Comprehensive guide to the use of the English language, including sentence parts, punctuation marks, plurals, possessives, and spellings.

http://public.wsu.edu/~brians/errors/- Paul Brians' common errors in the English language.

Citation Machine - An interactive Web tool assists in the formation of various citation styles.

Forms of Address

 

Zip Codes
 
International Zip Codes – Postal codes from all over the world.

USPS.com Zip Code Look-Up – Official zip code site for the United States Postal Service.