Citing sources

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Readers of your research paper may want to follow up on some of the ideas you present.  You help them do this by "citing" where you found the information in a list of sources which may be called a "Works Cited" or "References" or "Bibliography" depending on what style manual your instructor wants you to follow. 

If your search for information is more of a personal nature (such as finding out more about a disease that one of your relatives might have, or getting comparisons of various digital cameras to help guide a future purchase), you STILL want to keep track of where you found it even if there's no instructor requiring you to.  The relative may want to investigate further into the sources you uncovered...a salesperson may ask where you read the review of a particular camera.  Adding  citation details to any photocopies you make (of pages from books or periodicals) is a good habit to get into.

The details you need for a citation depends on the format of the material you found.  For a book, most style manuals will require the author (or editor), the title, the place of publication (just the City if it's well known), the publisher, and the year it was published. 

For an article found in a journal, you will need the authors' names (since often several scholars collaborate), the title of the article, the full name of the journal (sometimes you only get an abbreviations--you'll need to expand that to the full journal name), the volume number--and issue number (if any), plus the date (or season--if it's a quarterly journal) and page numbers filled by the article (both beginning and ending).

For an article from a magazine, the details required include the author's name (if one is given), the title of the article, the title of the magazine, and then enough date and paging information so that another researcher could locate that same article. 

When you use a database (like EBSCOhost's Academic Search Premier or Gale's AcademicOneFile), they provide "full-text" of articles, then you may also need to include which database captured that full text.  This lets the reader of your paper know that you did not have an actual print issue of the periodical in hand when you located the information (since you actually accessed it electronically).

We have more citation help since what you find here is probably not enough.

You might like to try a website called EasyBib which provides helpful examples.

Students registered for classes at Grossmont College can access a variety of databases.  On campus, the database companies recognize the Internet Protocol (IP) address of the computer and open the databases for searching automatically.  When searching from any computer connected to the Internet that's off campus, your IP address there will NOT be recognized by the vendors, so you'll need to enter both your username and password to "remotely authenticate" before you'll be connected to the host computers. You can pick up a handy bookmark at the Reference Desk to help you with these details.  Just ask a librarian.

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