Answers the Question
"What's being done to it?"
Late Latin transitivus, from Latin transitus (past participle of
transire to cross over, pass) + -ivus -ive
as a part of speech
Transitive verbs that carry over action onto an object in one of
two ways: direct objects; indirect objects. The latter is always
done in addition to a direct object.
Direct object verbs are "directly" affected by the action of a transitive verb:
On the weekends, Michael works the projector at a local independent cinema.
The action "works," in this case meaning "operates," carries over from "Michael" onto the object
Some transitive verbs take indirect objects as well as direct ones, creating the dative case. These
verbs convey one or more things to another. Here are the most common verbs with indirect objects:
assign award bring fax feed give
grant hand lend loan mail offer
owe pass promise pay read serve
show sell send show sing take
teach tell throw wire write
Spending hours in the projection booth gives me the time needed to complete my homework.
In this example, "the time" is the direct object of the verb "give," while "me" is the indirect object.
However, an indirect object is, in reality, simply the object of the preposition "to," which has been
dropped to create the effect of an indirect object. If indirect objects confuse you, you can always
restore the preposition "to" if you desire:
Spending hours in the projection booth gives to me the time needed to complete my homework.
Regardless, in diagramming a clause with a transitive verb taking a direct object and an indirect object,
you still treat the indirect object as though it is the object of a preposition. It does not belong on the
horizontal line with the direct object: