English as a Second Language 106
English as a Second Language IV
Catalog Description: The fourth core course in
the study of English grammar, reading, and writing designed for
students whose first language is not English. This course develops
and takes to a higher level the academic literacy skills taught in
English as a Second Language III and includes the study of advanced
grammar and sentence structure, paragraph and essay organization and
development, and advanced reading skills. One hour a week will be
spent in the English Writing Center on word processing and/or
completing software modules designed to reinforce and develop the
grammar, reading, and writing skills introduced in class.
Course Prerequisite: Successful completion of
ESL 103 with a C grade or higher or placement in ESL 106.
Semester Units: 5
Credit: ESL 106 counts toward a Grossmont
College Associate of Arts or Science Degree as elective credit only.
It is not a general education requirement, but ESL 106 is a
prerequisite course to English 110. It transfers to SDSU and the UC
system as elective credit.
Requirements: Five hours in class weekly, one
hour per week in the English Writing Center, and 10 hours of
homework per week.
Description of an ESL 106 Student:
- I have almost mastered the verb forms and the various verb
tenses in the active and passive voice.
- I still have trouble with past and perfect modals,
especially subjunctive forms.
- I still need to know many gerund and infinitive forms and
uses, specifically gerund and infinitive complements.
- I am quite familiar with the rules of agreement, but I still
make some agreement errors.
- I have a good idea of the use of definite and indefinite
articles with common and proper nouns, but I still make many
article mistakes when writing and speaking. At least, now I can
recognize my article errors easier, and I have a better idea of
- I can distinguish a complete sentence from a fragment.
- I can identify and distinguish various kinds of words,
phrases, clauses, and sentences.
- I can write paragraphs with a topic sentence and supporting
sentences, but my paragraphs lack grammatical accuracy,
sufficient development of ideas, and precise word choice.
- I can write an essay with an introductory paragraph with a
thesis, 3 supporting paragraphs and a conclusion. However, the
essay lacks grammatical accuracy, sufficient development of
ideas, and precise word choice.
- I know about paraphrasing and summarizing, but I have never
had to use these skills in writing college essays.
- I can comprehend college level texts, but I need to read
slowly. I also need a lot of time to look up the many new words
I encounter in my bilingual dictionary.
- I can read and comprehend the newspaper rather quickly and
- I can distinguish between literal and figurative references.
- Instead of always using my dictionary, I can frequently
figure out the meaning of a new word by understanding the
Texts: The following texts have been
traditionally used in ESL 106, but these are examples only. You must
see your instructor before you purchase your books.
- Maurer, Jay. Focus on Grammar: Advanced.
- Azar, Betty. Understanding and Using English Grammar.
- Broukal, Milada. Weaving It Together: 4. Heinle and
- Miller, Judy L. and Robert F. Cohen. Northstar: Focus on
Reading and Writing Advanced. White Plains, NY: Addison
Wesley Longman, Inc., 1998.
Recommended Courses to Take with ESL 106:
ESL 104 – Listening and Speaking III
ESL 108 – College Vocabulary
English 105 – College Reading
English 051 or 052 – College Writing
Skills (.5 or 1 unit)
Speech 105 – Pronunciation