Laws that Protect the Rights of Adults with Disabilities
TITLE VI (CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964)
Prohibits discrimination based on race, color, or national origin in all employment situations involving programs or activities aided by federal financing.
TITLE VII (CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964)
Prohibits job discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin in all employment.
AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT OF 1990
Extends universal civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities covering public and private sector employment, public accommodations, transportation, and telephone communication.
SECTION 504 (REHABILITATION ACT OF 1973)
“No otherwise qualified handicapped individual in the United States shall, solely by reason of his/her handicap, be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance….”
SECTION 508 (THE WORKFORCE INVESTMENT ACT OF 1998 AMENDMENT TO THE REHABILITATION ACT OF 1973)
Section 508 requires federal agencies that develop, procure, maintain, or use electronic technology to provide to federal employees with disabilities comparable access to that technology and information that federal employees without disabilities are afforded.
SENATE BILL 105
SB 105 mandates that Section 508 accessibility standards be implemented in the state of California.
CALIFORNIA COLLEGE CHANCELLOR’S OFFICE LEGAL OPINION M 03-09
In March 2003, the General Counsel of the California Colleges Chancellor’s Office issued Legal Opinion M 03-09, which states that Section 508 applies to California community colleges. This means that information technology developed, purchased, or licensed by California community colleges must comply with the requirements of Section 508.
ASSEMBLY BILL 422 OF 1999
AB 422 requires publishers to provide electronic forms of college instructional materials in a timely manner and at no additional cost for students with print related disabilities, for example, blind, low-vision, and learning disabled.
FAMILY EDUCATIONAL RIGHTS AND PRIVACY ACT (FERPA) OF 1974
All students over the age of 18 are free to access their own student records,
request changes to their student records, and “to have some control
over the disclosure of personally identifiable information from these records.” Parents
of children over the age of 18 are not permitted to access their child’s
student records, as protected under FERPA.