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Distance Education Accessibility Guidelines

Alternate Media

Sometimes it is necessary to create customized media in order to fully accommodate the needs of a certain type of disability. A common example is the category of learning disabilities, where the sheer variety and complexity of each individual case provides a challenge in terms of providing a streamlined and systematic solution. As technology continues to improve and the best practices for remedying specific learning disabilities are refined, more automated Assistive Technology (AT) solutions for students with learning disabilities, as well as refined guidelines for content creation, will surely develop. While AT can often do the conversion of media automatically, sometimes human intervention is required to create the alternate media. The following table shows some examples of typical alternate media formats associated with different types of disabilities.

Alternate Media by Disability

Alternate Media Blind Low Vision Mobility Learning Disability Deaf Hard of Hearing Speech
Large Print   X          
E-text X X X X X X  
DAISY/Audio Books X X X X      
Closed Captioning (CC)       X X X  
Braille X            
Tactile Graphics X     X      
3D Models & Manipulatives X            
MP3 & Digital Audio X X X X      
Text to Speech (TTS) X X   X     X